The study was based on data collected from nine stations of the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management in central-eastern Poland (1971-2005) concerning monthly precipitation total and mean monthly air temperature during the vegetation period of early potatoes (April-July). Optimal precipitation for early potato was calculated according to the Klatt indexes for medium cohesive and light soils in the successive months of the vegetation period. Rainfall deficit and excess rainfall were determined based on differences between monthly precipitation totals recorded in the years of the study and values considered to be optimal. It was found that the frequency of rainfall deficit during vegetation of early potato in each analysed location both for medium cohesive soil and for light soil exceeded the frequency of its excess. The greatest mean monthly rainfall deficit from the multiannual period in the vegetation season of early potato in all the analysed locations and for both soil types was recorded in June, while excess rainfall was observed in July. Lower values of standard deviation for rainfall deficit were calculated in the case of light soil than medium cohesive soil, while an opposite dependence was recorded for excess rainfall. The risk for early potato plantations on light soil was connected with frequent extreme deficits. They were observed most often in the south-eastern part of the study area, while they were rarest in the belt from Pułtusk towards Szepietowo. Values of the slope of the trend lines were low for all the weather stations and most of them were statistically non-significant. However, all values concerning rainfall deficit were negative, which indicates its slight increase from year to year. A significant trend for changes in rainfall deficit was observed only in Włodawa and Siedlce, while for excess rainfall it was found in Szepietowo and Białowieża.
|MLA||Radzka, Elżbieta, and Tomasz Lenartowicz. "Niedobór i nadmiar opadów w okresie wegetacji wczesnych odmian ziemniaków w środkowowschodniej Polsce (1971-2005)." Nauka Przyr. Technol. 9.2 (2015): #25. DOI: 10.17306/J.NPT.2015.2.25|
|APA||Elżbieta Radzka1, Tomasz Lenartowicz2 (2015). Niedobór i nadmiar opadów w okresie wegetacji wczesnych odmian ziemniaków w środkowowschodniej Polsce (1971-2005). Nauka Przyr. Technol. 9 (2), #25 DOI: 10.17306/J.NPT.2015.2.25|
|ISO 690||RADZKA, Elżbieta, LENARTOWICZ, Tomasz. Niedobór i nadmiar opadów w okresie wegetacji wczesnych odmian ziemniaków w środkowowschodniej Polsce (1971-2005). Nauka Przyr. Technol., 2015, 9.2: #25. DOI: 10.17306/J.NPT.2015.2.25|
Pracownia Agrometeorologii i Podstaw Melioracji
Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach
ul. Prusa 14
e-mail: elzbieta.radzka@ uph.edu.pl