Nauka Przyroda Technologie

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Ana Cristina Martins Ramos, Maria Margarida Ribeiro Lobo Sapata, Armando Ferreira, Luís Eduardo Campos Andrada, Manuel Gomes Candeias
Pleurotus spp. cultivation on wheat straw
Summary.

Mushrooms from the genus Pleurotus are tasty and rich in proteins, fibres, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. According to several authors, their nutritional value is due, mainly, to protein quality, one of the most important factors for the nutritional evaluation. Among various mushrooms there are some basic differences due to genetic nature and their metabolism, typically heterotrophic, which influence the way the substrate nutrients are used. So, when new wastes are applied in mushroom culture, as substrate, it is very important to study and know the chemical composition of the fruit bodies formed. Pleurotus mushrooms productivity and their ability to grow on different organic waste materials, can promote and increase commercial production. Thus, for a successful culture some factors must be considered, namely: environmental conditions control and simple cultivation techniques. Pleurotus ostreatus, commonly designated by oyster mushroom, is one of the most cultivated mushrooms. Nowadays, other species are also very appreciated, as P. cornucopiae (Paulet Pers.) Roland, P. pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél. (= P. sajor-caju (Fr.: Fr.) Singer) and P. eryngii (DC Fr.). The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the yield, biological efficiency, fresh weight and morphological characteristics of P. eryngii, P. sajor-caju and P. ostreatus (Jacq.: Fr.) Kummer, when grown on a sterilized substrate composed of wheat straw, to determine the most productive species.

Key words: mushrooms, yield, culture, substrate
PDFFull text available in English in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.npt.up-poznan.net/tom4/zeszyt3/art_41.pdf

For citation:

MLA Ramos, Ana Cristina Martins, et al. "Pleurotus spp. cultivation on wheat straw." Nauka Przyr. Technol. 4.3 (2010): #41.
APA Ana Cristina Martins Ramos, Maria Margarida Ribeiro Lobo Sapata, Armando Ferreira, Luís Eduardo Campos Andrada, Manuel Gomes Candeias (2010). Pleurotus spp. cultivation on wheat straw. Nauka Przyr. Technol. 4 (3), #41
ISO 690 RAMOS, Ana Cristina Martins, et al. Pleurotus spp. cultivation on wheat straw. Nauka Przyr. Technol., 2010, 4.3: #41.
Corresponding address:
Ana Cristina Martins Ramos
Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos L-INIA
Qta do Marquês
2784-505 Oeiras
Portugal
e-mail: ramos.anacristina@gmail.com
Accepted for print: 29.03.2010