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Nauka Przyroda Technologie

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Janusz Janecki
Possibilities of shaping natural and seminatural structures in the open landscape
Summary. The psychological and aesthetic analyses clearly show that the upright elements are more aggressive that the horizontal ones. On the bases of the analyses we come to the conclusion our positive influence on the above mentioned landscape means a design of density of the natural elements for a rural landscape. It is obvious that the design must be limited to lanes dividing fields, meadows and small areas like valleys and water springs and especially to the squared pattern of paths. This means that we can change the landscape by using only some trees to soften the geometric space. We take quite different action towards areas planted with trees and forests, which are parts of the above mentioned landscape. They are marshy swamps and alder swamps from the architecture of a landscape point of view the forests are useless but they are much more beautiful and impressive than growing forests. Among well – known marshy swamp communities there are some of extraordinary beauty. One of them has a similar look of a growing forest, a marshy swamp, willow and popular, well – known from the valleys of large rivers, with lots of different species, with trees that are covered by wide “poles” of green hop. There are only fragments of such marshy swamps, which seem to be parts of the purposely designed garden. With regard to the alder swamp, at first we will try to reconstruct that mysterious and solemn atmosphere, which is made by the small islands where they grow. The islands should be chaotically joined – as in nature – by wet, narrow alder trunks – the footbridges, more or less rotten and covered with moss, growth and ferns. And so there is a wide range of possibilities of shaping the similar landscapes composition and connecting either old or new gardens foundation.
Key words: landscape physiognomy, natural landscape, anthropogenical landscape, subalpine forests, dry ground forest, coniferous forest, oak forest, beech wood, river side carr, alder carr, meadow
PDFFull text available in Polish in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.npt.up-poznan.net/tom2/zeszyt4/art_46.pdf

For citation:

MLA Janecki, Janusz. "Możliwości kształtowania układów naturalnych i półnaturalnych w krajobrazie otwartym." Nauka Przyr. Technol. 2.4 (2008): #46.
APA Janusz Janecki (2008). Możliwości kształtowania układów naturalnych i półnaturalnych w krajobrazie otwartym. Nauka Przyr. Technol. 2 (4), #46
ISO 690 JANECKI, Janusz. Możliwości kształtowania układów naturalnych i półnaturalnych w krajobrazie otwartym. Nauka Przyr. Technol., 2008, 2.4: #46.
Corresponding address:
Janusz Janecki
Janusz Janecki,
Katedra Kształtowania Krajobrazu,
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II,
ul. Konstantynów 1 H,
20-950 Lublin,
e-mail:
Accepted for print: 6.10.2008