Nauka Przyroda Technologie

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2018 volume 12 issue 1, 45-54 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00223
Alina Kałużewicz, Tomasz Spiżewski, Włodzimierz Krzesiński, Anna Zaworska
The effect of biostimulants on the yield and quality of broccoli heads during storage
Summary.

Background. Biostimulants are widely used in horticulture to increase yield and improve its quality as well as to increase plants’ resistance to stress. There are publications providing inform­ation on the effects of different biostimulants on broccoli cultivation, but there is no information how the quality of broccoli heads changes during storage when plants are treated with biostimulants during the growth period. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of amino acid biostimulants and amino acids applied in combination with Ascophyllum nodosum filtrate on the yield and quality of broccoli heads during cold storage for 1, 2 and 3 weeks.

Material and methods. The experiment was conducted between 2013 and 2014 and it comprised one broccoli cultivar ‘Tiburon’. The following objects were used in the experiment: amino acid biostimulant, Ascophyllum nodosum filtrate + amino acid biostimulant, control plants (without biostimulants). The yield quantity and quality were determined. The harvested broccoli heads were cold-stored for 3 weeks at 1–2°C and 95% RH. The content of sugars, vitamin C and colour were measured in fresh heads and after each week of cold storage.

Results. There were no differences between the plants treated with biostimulants and the control plants in the total yield, mean weight and diameter of broccoli heads. In the first year of the study the biostimulants increased the sugar content after 3 weeks of storage, but in the second year of the study there was higher sugar content in the fresh heads. The content of vitamin C in the plants treated with the biostimulants was significantly higher after the first week of storage in the first year of the study. However, this trend did not continue in the second year.

Conclusions. The biostimulants did not increase the broccoli yield. The biostimulants and storage length affected the content of sugars and vitamin C, but there were considerable differences between the years of the research. The colour of broccoli heads did not change during storage.

Key words: Brassica oleracea var. italica, amino acids, Ascophyllum nodosum
PDFFull text available in English in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.npt.up-poznan.net/tom12/zeszyt1/art_4.pdf

http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00223

For citation:

MLA Kałużewicz, Alina, et al. "The effect of biostimulants on the yield and quality of broccoli heads during storage." Nauka Przyr. Technol. 12.1 (2018): 45-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00223
APA Alina Kałużewicz, Tomasz Spiżewski, Włodzimierz Krzesiński, Anna Zaworska (2018). The effect of biostimulants on the yield and quality of broccoli heads during storage. Nauka Przyr. Technol. 12 (1), 45-54 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00223
ISO 690 KAłUżEWICZ, Alina, et al. The effect of biostimulants on the yield and quality of broccoli heads during storage. Nauka Przyr. Technol., 2018, 12.1: 45-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00223
Corresponding address:
Alina Kałużewicz
Katedra Warzywnictwa
Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu
ul. Dąbrowskie?go 159
60-594 Poznań
Poland
e-mail: alina.kaluzewicz@up.poznan.pl
Accepted for print: 30.11.-0001