Nauka Przyroda Technologie

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2017 volume 11 issue 4, 355-364 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00213
Anna Tomkowiak, Justyna Starzyk, Donata Kosicka-Dziechciarek, Krzysztof Karwatka
The Influence of Tillage Systems on the Microbiological Condition of Soil
Summary.

Advancement in agrotechnology not only changes soil properties, but it is also important for maintaining microbial balance and improving the conditions of development of crops. The study assesses the impact of selected tillage systems (conventional tillage, free tillage and direct sowing into mulch) on the enzymatic activity and development of microorganisms (proteolytic, cellu­lolytic, oligotrophic, copiotrophic, nitric, actinomycetes, fungal and other bacteria) in soil. The results of previous studies concernig the impact of applied tillage techniques on the development of microorganisms in soil were collected and summarised. At present, traditional cultivation is being abandoned due to many unfavourable changes in soil caused by this system. Apart from that, this system adversely affects the population of soil microorganisms. Due to the favourable influence of soil microorganisms on the development of crops there is an increasing tendency to research and transform agrotechnology so as to optimise the conditions of development of microorganisms. Polish and foreign scientific literature provides reports on the beneficial influence of simplified and direct sowing into mulch on the activity of most enzymes (dehydrogenases, oxidases, catalase, acid and alkaline phosphatases, urease, protease) and microbial growth in soil. The benefits of these cultivation systems depend on many factors, including the soil type, humidity and weather conditions.

Key words: tillage systems, traditional cultivation, free tillage, direct sowing, soil microorganisms, enzymatic activity
PDFFull text available in Polish in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.npt.up-poznan.net/tom11/zeszyt4/art_33.pdf

http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00213

For citation:

MLA Tomkowiak, Anna, et al. "Wpływ systemów uprawy roli na stan mikrobiologiczny gleby." Nauka Przyr. Technol. 11.4 (2017): 355-364. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00213
APA Anna Tomkowiak, Justyna Starzyk, Donata Kosicka-Dziechciarek, Krzysztof Karwatka (2017). Wpływ systemów uprawy roli na stan mikrobiologiczny gleby. Nauka Przyr. Technol. 11 (4), 355-364 http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00213
ISO 690 TOMKOWIAK, Anna, et al. Wpływ systemów uprawy roli na stan mikrobiologiczny gleby. Nauka Przyr. Technol., 2017, 11.4: 355-364. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.NPT.00213
Corresponding address:
Anna Tomkowiak
Katedra Mikrobiologii Ogólnej i Środowiskowej
Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu
ul. Szydłowska 50
60-656 Poznań
Poland
e-mail: tomkowiak_anna@wp.pl
Accepted for print: 30.11.-0001